Assam Legislative Assembly
Assam, under the provisions of Indian Councils Act, 1861, did not have its own democratic institution but was tagged with East Bengal in 1905 and the Institution was then called “Legislative Council of Eastern Bengal and Assam”, which started functioning from 18 December 1906. In 1909, the Council had a strength of 40 members with 5 seats allotted to Assam. In 1912, Assam was reconstituted into a Chief Commissioner’s Province. In the year 1913, after Assam was granted a Legislative Council under the Government of India Act, 1909, the Assam Legislative Council came into being with a strength of 34 members, of which 13 were nominated by the Chief Commissioner and 21 were elected by the people.
Under the Government of India Act, 1919, the strength of the Legislative Council was raised to 53 members with effect from 1 April 1921 of which 41 were elected members and the remaining 12 were nominated.
The Government of India Act, 1935 made provisions for a Legislative Assembly in each Province and as a result the Legislature in Assam became bicameral in 1937. The Assam Legislative Assembly had the strength of 108 members and all of them were elected members. The strength of the Legislative Council (Upper House) was not less than 21 and not more than 22 members.
The Legislature of Assam remained bicameral from 1937 to 1946. Under the India (Provincial Legislatures) Order, 1947, the Legislative Council was abolished on 14 August 1947. The Assam Legislature has been unicameral since then. In the years that followed, Assam was truncated to several smaller States. With the changing geographical boundaries together with the shifts in the population graph of Assam, the strength of members of the Assam Legislative Assembly has fluctuated over the years. In 1952-57 it was 108, reaching still lower to 105 in 1957-62 (the Second Assembly) and then to 114 in 1967-72 (the Third Assembly) until it reached a strength of 126 members in 1972-78 (the Fifth Assembly). The present strength of the Assembly is 126.
The present House, the Eleventh Assam Legislative Assembly, commenced its First Session on 30 May 2001. There are 23 Committees in the Assembly.